Tallinna linnaliikuvuse foorum 2012


SEI Tallinna ning SA Keskkonnakogu ja Tallinna Keskkonnaametiga koostöös toimus 12. juunil 2012. a. Tallinna säästva linnaliikuvuse foorum. toimus toi



12.6.2012 Tallinn sustainable urban mobility forum      

Eric Britton (EcoPlan) concluding speech and proposals:

Welcome to the next stage of democracy – participatory democracy. The stages of democracy are: 1) you have elections but you do not have any choices, 2) you have elections and you have choices, 3) you realize that democracy is more than elections – democracy based on active citizenry and you are the active citizens.

I propose that each of the departments and ministries that have been involved today will meet with the groups we had today. The group meets once a year and discusses one proposal for a year. My experience says that it`s difficult for elected persons to say no to one proposal, because within the group you fight about it and find a proposal that can be done and will be approved. Have these meetings once a year and take these as the first step towards participatory democracy.

The following 10-12 points I will also write up and publish on www.worldstreets.orgto which we also will get international commentaries on it.

My 10 points to you:

1) Understand the three paradigm shifts in transportation of a city. If you wish, you can enter the 3rd paradigm. Currently you are halfway from the first to the second. You are small and flexible, and can even beat Helsinki. That would be nice!

2) The transportation system is so systemically inefficient that almost anything you do will improve  it. The examples of this systemic inefficiency are so rampant.  Attack the systemic inefficiency.

3) Make an effort to understand the future of the car in the city. The future will not the same as the past. The car will have less space, it will cost more to use it but cars will have a wide variety of functions. It will be used for car sharing, car pooling, ride sharing collective taxis, etc. There will be new patterns of ownership and use, which you are not familiar with because you are locked into the idea that a car is an important thing to have, that you buy and use it. The relationship between cars and people will be different and in a number of places this has proven to be the case.

4) Due to systemic inefficiency in the current transport system you have an opportunity to create a better than car transportation system. You will need to design and you have the ability to design such a system. The reason why people will be coming to Tallinn by other means than their own car is because it will be cheaper, faster and better than the previous systems. People do not want to step down a ladder in their life quality. Most of us would like to have a better life.

5) Create more opportunities for entrepreneurship in transport systems. During the Soviet time many things were administered for you. Currently you have both the private sector and private sector and there is a kind of difference between them.   At least in transportation sector you need to merge some of these services. You can create car sharing, ride sharing through app software development, taxis and public bicycle services. The best ones that are working around the world have been created by the public sector. Entrepreneurship - enthusiasm, brains and ability, allows more dynamic role in the society and is part of the move towards participatory democracy.

6) Slow down the traffic. If you slow down traffic you will achieve a lot. Appropriate speed for traffic in built up areas is 15, 30 or 50 km/h and nothing faster. As the system is ineffective you can reduce top speeds but at the same time increase through-put speeds. You`ll find that the speed of public bus will then not be 11 km/h any more, but it`s 13 km/h. And this does not cost you a lot of money. That only requires great technical competence and transportation modelling.

7) People like to organise themselves as couples, families, etc. They are also happy when they organise themselves in terms of villages or neighbourhoods – modern village in a city. Think more about neighbourhoods. A neighbourhood is a place where you can walk and cycle and do most of the things that you need for your everyday life. When I see you gorgous neighbourhoods from 1930s, I think – where are the stores? Where are the places people can go to?  A city that works well, consists of many happy neighbourhoods.

8) Put IT at the heart of restructuring your transportation system. A mobile phone is the interface between you and the better-than-car transportation system. People have done bits of it, but nobody has put the whole thing together – you are capable of doing that.

9) Plan for for equity. Every citizen has equal opportunities to participate fully in the society. Planning is not just good thing to do because you are good guys. Equity brings along efficiency, economy and excellence.

10) Reconciliation.Let us look ahead, let us forget about the divisions of the past. We are too much divided between car guys and non-car guys. Let us build neighbourhoods and create a mobility systems that we want for our children.

11) Urgency. Start tomorrow morning. We do not need to wait another 30 years to get the best solutions.

Thank you!